Mount Rinjani is a mountain located on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. The second highest volcano in Indonesia with an altitude of 3. 726 meters above sea level and placed at an altitude of 8º 25 ‘ls and 116º28’ bt is a favorite mountain for Indonesian and foreign climbers because of its amazing beauty. This mountain is part of the rinjani mountain national park which has an area of about 41. 330 ha and this can be proposed besides 76. 000 ha to the west and east.
Administratively, this mountain is placed in 4 districts: east lombok, north lombok, central lombok and west lombok.
Mount Rinjani with the highest point 3726 m above sea level, mostly around the island north of lombok.
To the west of the rinjani’s wrinkles there may be a caldera of about three. 500 m × 4. 800 m, stretching east and west. In this caldera there are immediate children (segara = sea, lake) that protect 11. 000. 000 sq. M with a depth of 230 m. The water that flows from this lake document becomes a stunning waterfall, flowing through steep cliffs. In the immediate child there are many carp and mujair that are often used for fishing.
On the east side of the caldera there is a new mountain (or mountain barujari) which has a crater resistant 170m x two hundred m with a height of two. 296 – 2376 m above sea level. This small volcano erupted on 25 October 2015 and three november 2015 , previously recorded erupting in May 2009 and in 2004.   If the 2004 eruption did not correspond to the soul, this 2009 eruption has It turned out to be fatalities oblique 31 people, because the flash floods in the crow (river) of the impact due to stress lava to the child immediately.  In the past, new volcanoes have become recorded in 1944 (enliven), 1966, and 1994.
Stratigrafi, rinjani mountain is covered with neodic chlorine sedimentary rock (including limestone), and regionally by means of oligo-miocene volcanic rock. Quartener volcanoes themselves mostly produce pyroclastic, which in some places coexist with lava. Lithology records a number of omissions that are known in history. For the reason that 1847 there are 7 eruptions, with the shortest relaxation period of 12 months and 37 years at the most.
Like other volcanoes, koesoemadinata (1979) mentions that the hobbies of rinjani kegunungapian post caldera formation are being rebuilt. Its activity is the efusiva that produces lava and explosives that form unopened pyroclastic deposits. Lava is usually black in the shade, and while it melts it feels as if it’s foaming. The publication of these caldera formation eruptions is particularly fragile, and lava is launched by cone g. Barujari and g. The organization feels extra alkaline compared to other volcanic lava in Indonesia. The opportunity of hot clouds while the height of the eruption can be very small. The eruption is usually stored on the inside of the caldera most effectively.
Lava flow, lava eruption, rain lava, and warm cloud clouds have the possibility to go to the white crow to batusantek. A hot storm can arise next to a newly moving lava dart.
The Top of Mount Rinjani
Hiking gunung rinjani (top) is one of the scenery that turned out to be a mainstay in the place of rinjani national park. Mount Rinjani as volcanic volcano which is still the second highest varieties in Indonesia. The height of the rinjani mountain is the goal of most adventurers and natural fanatics who go to this area because the reality when it reaches the peak is much more pleasant than its personality. Hobby of fanatical natural network during the archipelago even from abroad in this mountain hiking hobby is quite massive, it is evidenced by the reach of traffic that climb every 12 months has doubled. Large climbing activity conducted from July to August, in August (mid) mountaineers are generally ruled by students from all over Indonesia who want to have fun the independence day of the republic of Indonesia at the top of Mount Rinjani. And the lakes of the children through the hobby of “tread rinjani” which is often held every year through a group of nature enthusiasts on the island of lombok in cooperation with the mountain national park Rinjani.
Segara anak lake
The most amazing charm of gunung rinjani countrywide park is segara anak lake, this vicinity can be reached from two reputable direction of mountaineering the senaru ascent course and sembalun hiking path.
To visit lake segara anak from senaru route it takes approximately 7 – 10 hours walk (±8km) from the gate of senaru ascent course. Whilst the mountaineering path sembalun taken inside 8 – 10 hours. Lake segara youngsters with an altitude of ± 2. 010 m asl and lake intensity of about ± 230 meters has a form like a crescent moon with an area of approximately 1. 100 ha.
Around the segara anak lake there is a fairly wide and flat land, may be used for camping / camping, additionally visitors can fish inside the lake or soak in hot water containing sulfur.
Some other item round segara anak lake is hulu sungai koko puteq ± one hundred fifty meters from segara anak lake. Similarly there may be additionally goa milk, goa manik, goa umbrella, goa susu is thought to be used as a media of self-reflection and regularly also used as a place to meditate. Even as at the bottom of lake segara anak there may be a hot spring (aik kalak pengkereman jembangan) commonly used to test and shower the mystical gadgets (sword, keris, badik, spear, machete, and many others.) where if the gadgets become sticky whilst soaked it shows things are ugly / do no longer have supernatural powers, at the contrary if the gadgets continue to be intact approach that the item has supernatural energy / is believed to have efficacy.
Climbing to Rinjani Mountain
Rinjani has a first class panaroma among the mountains in Indonesia. Every year (june-austus) is visited by many fanatics ranging from local people, students, nature lovers.
The average air temperature is set to 20 ° c; Lowest 12 ° c. Excessive winds at altitudes usually occur in August.
Next to the top, the usual place to visit is the lake segara anak, a lake is at an altitude of 2. 010m above sea level.
To reach this area we can climb from senaru village or mooring village (2 entrance factors closest to 600m altitude above sea level and 1. 150 m above sea level).
The maximum climbers start climbing the streets and stop stopping the climb in senaru, because it can withstand 700m altitude.
The long, flat course is flat and flat, and the climate is hotter because the savanna is hot (temperatures without blood but sun radiation immediately burns the pores and skin).
Sun blocking cream is highly recommended.
From the oblique lane with no pause, but the weather is gentle because of reality through the forest. From both places it takes about 7 hours of road to the ridge lips at an altitude of 2. 641m above sea level (arrived at plawangan senaru or plawangan sembalun).
In this area the view closer to the lake, or to the outside may be very nice.
From plawangan senaru (if up from the path senaru) up to the lake through a steep wall. Which can be reached in 2 hours.
At the lake we can camping, fishing (carper, tilapia) and his many other activities.
Residents of Lombok have a way of life on the way to soak in the pool of warm water and fishing.
The main level to the plawangan sembalun, the remaining camping places to wait for the morning.
The peak attacks are generally done at 2 or 3 o’clock in the morning to find beautiful moments – the sun rises atop the rinjani.
The trip to the summit is pretty decent; Because it is chasing on the lips of the crater with a margin of salvation a little. Fields of sand, rocks, soil.
2 hundred meters from the remaining peak should be excited about the problem, because one step forward followed by a half stepped way down (rocks fall). Create a plateau – it is the most challenging and appropriate area because the terrain load pays off with its beautiful natural landscape.
The majestic mountains in bali, the roared mountains of banyuwangi and the tambora mountains in Sumbawa are really visible during the best weather in the morning.
To climb the rinjani is not a vital equipment, stamina, patience and climbers are quite swift.
How can i climb mount rinjani?
Climbing to Mount Rinjani is not something light and easy, you have to prepare all the equipment such as tents, mattresses, sleeping bags and so on.
You have to prepare food while in Rinjani mountain and also you have to prepare energy and physical to make it happen.
But for those of you who do not want to bother to bring and prepare everything, you can order trekking agency or trekking organizer who will arrange your climbing program to Mount Rinjani, prepare all your climbing equipment and prepare all logistics while climbing.
By ordering a trekking,hiking and climbing package at the trekking agency, you can easily reach Mount Rinjani without carrying luggage, as the climbing service has prepared everything you need while in the mountains such as food, guides that will accompany and guide you throughout your stay at Mount Rinjani. .
The porters will carry all the equipment along Mount Rinjani such as food, tents, cookware and so on.
Among the trekking agencies experienced in arranging the program and preparing everything you need while in the mountains of Rinjani is HERMAN TREKKER-Mount Rinjani Trekking and Tour Guide. Which will provide convenience and comfort in traveling at Mount Rinjani.
Because just by ordering the climbing package you will get services like:
- – Pick-up in all areas on lombok island such as at airports, harbours and in other areas.
- -drop off after completion of the ascent to the next destination.
- – the hotel where you spend the night before climbing the next day.
- – an experienced local guide who will accompany and guide you during your stay at Mount Rinjani.
- porter who will brings all of your trekking equipment,food etc…
- -Food and drinks during in mountrinjani.
- – entrance ticket to rinjani mountain national park
- – accident insurance in the mount Rinjani, which will apply as long as you are in the area of rinjani mountain national park.
For more information, you can contact via email at hermantrekkerrinjani @ gmail. Com or via phone / whatsapp +6282341223129
Hopefully useful for friends who are in Indonesia and abroad who are planning to climb to Mount down your comments if anyone needs to be asked or contact us directly via email. We will be ready to answer and provide the best solution for you around climbing activities in mount Rinjani.